Indicates the verbal idea as actual.

The Declarative Indicative 

This use of the indicative makes a simple statement of fact.

The Interrogative Indicative

The indicative mood is used to ask a simple question. Reality is implied in a fact asked about in the indicative mood.

The Cohortative Indicative

The indicative may be used to express a command or a strong suggestion. This is especially true of the future indicative.

The Potential Indicative

The indicative is sometimes accompanied by the idea of contingency. This idea is given by the use of ἄν, the meaning of the verb, or by context. ἄν may or may not be used.

The indicative may be used to express a necessity and from the necessity an obligation. Usually with ἔδει.

Wish (unfulfilled- ὀφείλον – would that) or impulse.

Used in Certain Forms of Conditions.

Positive and Negative

Οὐ - expects an affirmative reply

Μή – expects a negative answer

Indicative Mood = Reality



                  ἔλυ (ον)                      ἐλύ (ομεν)

                  ἔλυ (ες)                       ἐλύ (ετε)

                  ἔλυ (ς)                         ἔλυ (ον)

        Middle / Passive

                  ἐλυ (ὀμην)                ἐλυ (ὀμεθα)

                  ἐλύ (ου)                      ἐλύ (εσθε)

                  ἐλύ (ετο)                    ἐλυ (όντο)



                  λύ (σω)                      λύ (σομεν)

                  λύ (σεις)                    λύ (σετε)

                  λύ (σει)                      λύ (σουσι)


                  λύ (σομαι)                λύ (σομεθα)

                  λύ (σῃ)                       λύ (σεθε)

                  λυ (σεται)                 λύ (σονται)


                  λυ (θήσομαι)           λυ (θησόμεθα)

                  λυ (θήσῃ)                  λυ (θήσεσθε)

                  λυ (θήεται)               λυ (θήσονται)

2nd Aorist


                  ἔλιπ (ον)                     ἐλίπ (ομεν)

                  ἔλιπ (ες)                      ἐλίπ (ετε)

                  ἔλιπ (ε)                        ἔλιπ (ον)


                  ἐλιπ (όμεν)                 ἐλιπ (όμεθα)

                  ἐλίπ (ου)                      ἐλίπ (εσθε)

                  ἐλίπ (ετο)                    ἐλίπ (οντο)


                  ἐλίπ (ην)                     ἐλίπ (ημεν)

                  ἐλίπ (ης                       ἐλίπ (ητε)

                  ἐλίπ (ῃ)                        ἐλίπ (ησαν)

2nd Perfect 


                  λέλοιπ (α)                   λέλοιπ (αμεν)

                  λέλοιπ (ας)                 λέλοιπ (ατε)

                  λέλοιπ (ε)                    λέλοιπ (ασι)



                  λύ(ω)                          λύ (ομεν)

                  λύ (εις                        λύ (ετε)

                  λύ (ει)                         λύ (ουσι)

        Middle / Passive

                  λύ (ομαι)                   λυ (όμεθα)

                  λύ (ῃ)                          λύ (εσθε)

                  λύ (εται)                    λύ (ονται)

1st Aorist


                  ἔλυ (σα)                      ἔλυ (σαμεν)

                  ἔλυ (σας)                    ἔλυ (σατε)

                  ἔλυ (σε)                       ἔλυ (σαν)


                  ἐλυ (σαμἠν)              ἐλύ (σαμεθα)

                  ἐλύ (σω)                     ἐλύ (σασθε)

                  ἐλύ (σατο)                 ἐλύ (σαντο)


                  ἐλύ (θην)                    ἐλύ (θημεν)

                  ἐλύ (θης)                     ἐλύ (θητε)

                  ἐλύ (θῃ)                       ἐλύ (θησαν)

1st Perfect


                  λέλυ (κα)                     λέλυ (καμεν)

                  λέλυ (κας)                   λέλυ (κατε)

                  λέλυ (κε)                      λέλυ (κασι) [or]  (καν)


                  λέλυ (μαι)                     λέλυ (μεθα)

                  λέλυ (σαι)                     λέλυ (σθε)

                  λέλυ (ται)                      λέλυ (νται)

1st Pluperfect


                  ἐλελύ (κειν)                 ἐλελύ (κειμεν)

                  ἐλελύ (κεις)                  ἐλελύ (κειτε)

                  ἐλελύ (κει)                    ἐλελύ (κεισαν)


                  ἐλελύ (μην)                  ἐλελύ (μεθα)

                  ἐλελύ (σο)                    ἐλελύ (σθε)

                  ἐλελύ (το)                     ἐλελύ (ντο)