Clause Constructions

Adjectival Clauses

A relative clause is used to directly limit or define a noun, performing a pure adjectival function.

Causal Clauses

The relative clause may denote grounds for the assertion in the main clause.

Concessive Clauses

A relative clause may imply the idea of concession.

Simple Condition

The relative clause may supply the protasis of a simple condition.

Purpose Clauses

The relative clause may express purpose.


More Probable Condition

The protasis of a more probable future condition may be expressed by the use of the relative pronoun with a!n.

Voluntative Result

A relative clause may express a result that the context shows was intended or contemplated.

Causal Clauses

Coordinate Causal Clause

The inferential particle γάρ is the regular connective for two coordinate clauses that bear to each other some relation of cause and effect, or reason and conclusion.

Subordinate Causal Clauses

By a Subordinating Conjunction

The Particles used: ὅτι, διότι, καθότι, ἐπεί, ἐπειδή, ὅθεν

The Phrases used: ἐφ’ ῳ, ἐφ’ ὅσον, ἀνθ’ ὧν, οὗ χάριν

By διά with the Articular Infinitive

By the Participle

By the relative pronoun

Comparative Clauses

The Particles Used

Those used most are ὠς and καθώς

Compounds of κατά

Compounds of ὠς

The Correlative pronoun ὄσος

The Comparative Particle ἤ

The use of the phrase ὅν τρόπον

Local Clauses

The Particles Used

By ὅπου

By οὗ

By ὅθεν